What is the best and easiest way to explain the difference? I usually say process is “what to do” and the procedure is “how to do”. A process is any series of actions or operations viewed as a whole, with a start and finish. A procedure is a series of actions or operations viewed as discrete steps. A process may not even have steps but may simply be a continuum (the process of fermentation, etc.). Additionally, a process is often something one observes, whereas a procedure is something one executes. And I usually say procedure is the steps you take to reach a goal.